Closest Stars

   3-D maps, model and list of the closest stars to Earth, using Proxima star names

        
This website contains 3-D perspective maps and a model of the closest stars to Earth.  To clarify the location of stars, Proxima designations are used for dim stars that do not have classical or common designations.  Each star system with a Proxima name is the closest star system in its constellation.  For other stars, their distance rankings for their constellations are indicated below.  Star names are linked to Wikipedia pages that provide more detail.  Star systems closer than twelve light-years away are shown on the maps and are listed on all pages.  Stars closer than fifteen light-years away are listed below, and Proxima stars closer than 21 light-years are listed at the bottom of this page, along with some related links.

Distance (LY)    Star System________ Alternate Names                                     
   0.00            Sun                                     Sol
   4.24            Proxima Centauri                Alpha Centauri C, GJ 551
   4.36            Alpha Centauri (A&B)        Rigil Kentaurus, Toliman
   5.96            Barnard's Star                     Proxima Ophiuchi, GJ 699
   7.78            Proxima Leonis                   Wolf 359, CN Leonis, GJ 406
   8.29            Proxima Ursae Majoris       Lalande 21185, GJ 411
   8.58            Sirius (A,B)                        Alpha/Proxima Canis Majoris   
   8.73            Proxima Ceti (A,B)             Luyten 726-8, UV & BL Ceti, GJ 65
   9.68            Proxima Sagittarii                Ross 154, V1216 Sagittarii, GJ 729
 10.32            Proxima Andromedae         Ross 248 , HH Andromedae, GJ905
 10.52            Epsilon Eridani                    Proxima Eridani, GJ 144
 10.74            Proxima Piscis Austrini        Lacaille 9352, GJ 887
 10.92            Proxima Virginis                  Ross 128, FI Virginis, GJ 447
 11.27            Proxima Aquarii (A,B,C)     EZ Aquarii, GJ 866
 11.37            Proxima Cygni  (A,B)          61 Cygni,
GJ 820
 11.40            Procyon  (A,B)                   Alpha/Proxima Canis Minoris
 11.52            Proxima Draconis (A,B)      Struve 2398, GJ 725
 11.62            Groombridge 34 (A,B)        GX/GQ Andromedae, GJ 15, 2nd in Andromeda
 11.82            Epsilon Indi (A,Ba,Bb)         Proxima Indi, GJ 845
 11.83            Proxima Cancri                    DX Cancri, GJ 1111
 11.89            Tau Ceti                              GJ 71, 2nd in Cetus 
 11.99            Proxima Horologii                GJ 1061, LHS 1565
 12.10            YZ Ceti                               LHS 138, GJ 54.1, 3rd in Cetus

The following star systems are 12 to 15 light-years away and are not on the maps on this website.  
 
 12.37            Luyten's Star                       GJ 273, 2nd in Canis Minor
 12.51            Proxima Arietis                    Teegarden's star
 12.57            Proxima Pavonis                  SCR 1845-6357
 12.78            Proxima Pictoris                  Kapteyn's Star, VZ Pictoris
 12.87            Proxima Microscopii            Lacaille 8760, AX Microscopii
 13.15            Proxima Cephei (A,B)         Kruger 60, DO Cephei
 13.17            Proxima Antliae                   DEN 1048-3956
 13.35            Proxima Monocerotis (A,B) Ross 614, V577 Monocerotis
 13.82            Wolf 1061                           GJ 628, 2nd in Ophiuchus
 14.07            Proxima Piscium                   Van Maanen's Star, GJ 35, LHS 7
 14.23            Proxima Sculptoris               GJ 1, LHS 1
 14.31            Wolf 424  (A,B)                  GJ 473, FL Virginis, 2nd in Virgo 
 14.51            TZ Arietis                            GJ 83.1, LHS 11, 2nd in Aries
 14.79            GJ 687                                LHS 450, 2nd in Draco
 14.80            Proxima Sextantis                LHS 292 
 14.81            Proxima Arae                      GJ 674, LHS 449
 14.81            GJ 1245  (A,B,C)               V1581 Cygni, 2nd in Cygnus

The following star systems are the closest star systems in their constellations, from 15 to 21 light-years away from Earth.  See 100 closest stars for a complete list of stars at these distances.

 15.05            Proxima Muscae                 GJ 440, LHS 43
 15.83            Proxima Carinae                 LHS 288
 16.33            Proxima Scorpii                  GJ 682
 16.46            Proxima Lacertae                EV Lacertae, GJ 873
 16.72            Altair                                  Alpha Aquilae, Proxima Aquilae
 17.22            Proxima Orionis                  G099-049
 17.54            Proxima Camelopardalis      GJ 445
 17.70            Proxima Bootis                    GJ 526
 17.90            Proxima Capricorni              LP 816-060
 18.15            Proxima Geminorum            GJ 251
 18.47            Proxima Lyrae                     2MASS 1835+3259
 18.83            Proxima Leporis (A,B)        GJ 229 
 19.19            Proxima Librae (A,B,C,D)  GJ 570 , HR 5568
 19.36            Eta Cassiopeiae                  Proxima Cassiopeiae, GJ 34
 19.36            Proxima Lupi                      GJ 588
 19.42            Proxima Telescopii              GJ 574
 20.02            Proxima Aurigae (A,B)        QY Aurigae, GJ 268
 20.67            Proxima Pegasi (A,B)          EQ Pegasi, GJ 896
 20.85            Proxima Herculis (A,B)       GJ 661
 20.86            Proxima Hydrae                  LHS 3003
 








































































Proxima Designations

Except for Proxima Centauri, the proxima designations listed here are not commonly used names for these stars, but why not?  Certainly when viewing a range of stars through a telescope names like 'Wolf 359', 'Luyten 726-8' or 'Ross 154' are as good as any other for dim stars among thousands.  But when discussing the very closest stars as we are here, aren't these catalog-based names cumbersome?  Wouldn't it be easier and clearer to refer to these stars by the constellation-based 'Proxima' names listed here?  This is an extension of the naming standard started with 'Proxima Centauri', first named in 1915.  This naming convention isn't derived from any particular astronomer or organization, because it doesn't pertain to a particular telescopic survey or catalog.  Just as 'Proxima Centauri' is merely another way of saying 'closest star in Centaurus', so 'Proxima Leonis' is another way of saying 'closest star in Leo'.   We use the Proxima names here because we would like to encourage their use when discussing the nearest stars.  If anyone has any comments, please contact us at comments@ClosestStars.com.


Links:   Wikipedia list of nearest stars     NBSO NearBy Star Observers - 100 closest stars
            
Sky Eye - Closest stars              Gordon Speer - Closest Stars Model  
            
Atlas of the Universe                  Our Stellar Neighborhood                       

Contact us at:  info@ClosestStars.com 
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